Drone is a layman terminology for Unmanned Aircraft (UA). There are three subsets of Unmanned Aircraft, a) Remotely Piloted Aircraft, b) Autonomous Aircraft and c) Model Aircraft. An aircraft and its associated elements, which are operated with no pilot on board is called as Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS).
Just like a driving license, you will need an Unmanned Aircraft Operator Permit in order to pilot a drone. And, just like bicycle does not need a registration certificate or a licence to operate it, "nano" and "micro" drone (i.e. toy drones weighing less than 2 kg) will be exempt from these regulations.
Defence. Emergency response. Humanitarian aid & disaster relief. Conservation. Disease control. Healthcare. Agriculture. Weather forecasting. Maritime. Waste management. Energy. Mining. Construction planning. Infrastructure development. Urban and rural planning and many more.
RPAS is one subset of UAS. A remotely piloted aircraft (RPA), its associated remote pilot station(s), the required command and control links and any other components, as specified in the type design. Civil RPA is categorized in accordance with MTOW (including payload) as indicated below: i) Nano : Less than or equal to 250 grams. ii) Micro : Greater than 250 grams and less than or equal to 2 kg. iii) Small : Greater than 2 kg and less than or equal to 25 kg. iv) Medium : Greater than 25 kg and less than or equal to 150 kg. v) Large : Greater than 150 kg.
All drones (other than nano drones) are required to have a unique identification number (UIN). The fee for a fresh UIN is Rs 1000. All drone operators (except for nano and micro drones) are required to obtain an Unmanned Aircraft Operator Permit (UAOP).
Instructions for filing all applications online shall be available in Digital Sky Manual. The Manual will be available in DGCA website homepage www.dgca.nic.in, and also in the Digital Sky portal homepage. The Digital sky manual shall be available in the above
mentioned website from 1st December, 2018.
Civil Aviation Requirements (CAR) is a set of regulations issued by the Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA). The CAR on RPAS shall be effective from 1st December, 2018
It is an online IT platform developed for handling UIN, UAOP applications, permission to fly drones in India. The link shall be available in Homepage of DGCA website "www.dgca.nic.in", and it will be operational from 1st December, 2018.
Air traffic control (ATC) is a service provided by ground-based air traffic controllers who direct aircraft on the ground and through controlled airspace, and can provide advisory services to aircraft in non-controlled airspace. The primary purpose of ATC worldwide is to prevent collisions, organize and expedite the flow of air traffic, and provide information and other support for pilots. In some countries, ATC plays a security or defensive role, or is operated by the military.
To prevent collisions, ATC enforces traffic separation rules, which ensure each aircraft maintains a minimum amount of empty space around it at all times. Many aircraft also have collision avoidance systems, which provide additional safety by warning pilots when other aircraft get too close.
Any entity intending to import RPAS in India shall obtain Equipment Type Approval
(ETA) from WPC Wing, Department of Telecommunication for operating in de-licensed
frequency band(s). Such approval shall be valid for a particular make and model.
The applicant, other than Nano category, shall apply to DGCA along with ETA for
import clearance. Based upon the import clearance issued by DGCA, DGFT shall issue
license for import of RPAS.